Software Implementation for Taxonomy Browsing and Ontology Evaluation for the case of Wikidata

From International Center for Computational Logic

Software Implementation for Taxonomy Browsing and Ontology Evaluation for the case of Wikidata

Thesis defence by Serge Stratan
Ontologies represent one of the basic elements in the Semantic Web. They contain background

knowledge represented by relevant terms and formal relations between them, so that machines can read it automatically. Ontologies on the Semantic Web come from a vast variety of different sources, spanning institutions, and persons aiming for different goals and quality criteria.

Measuring some of the aspects of ontologies, enables us to answer the question: “How to assess the quality of an ontology on the Web?”. The ontology evaluation task is essential for a wide adoption of ontologies, in the Semantic Web and in other semantically enabled technologies.

The Wikidata project, being a part of a big Wikimedia family, is widely known for its data that is provided freely to the public. The data is structured and stored in a web ontology. This ontology has turned immediately into a resource of big value, with a large range of potential applications across all areas of science, technology, and culture. Unfortunately, at the moment there is no possibility to assess the quality of the Wikidata ontology.

We have chosen Wikidata as a basic scenario for implementation of an automated system which would allow to browse the class hierarchy contained in the Wikidata ontology. The class hier- archy is created by the class entities and two properties (‘subclass of’ and ‘instance of’) which denote relations between classes. Besides the Wikidata taxonomy browser, additionally we im- plemented a component for ontology evaluation, which shows how the quality of the Wikidata ontology is assessed for several evaluation criteria.

This is the defence of the eponymous Master thesis by Serge Stratan.