Reasoning with Description Logics Ontologies and Knowledge Graphs

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Reasoning with Description Logics Ontologies and Knowledge Graphs

David CarralDavid Carral
David Carral
Reasoning with Description Logics Ontologies and Knowledge Graphs
Invited Talk at Télécom ParisTech, December 2018
  • KurzfassungAbstract
    Ontology-based access to knowledge graphs (KGs) has recently gained a lot of attention. One of the research challenges when accessing these large data structures is to enable "the capability of combining diverse reasoning methods and knowledge representations while guaranteeing the required scalability, according to the reasoning task at hand." [1]

    In our work, we address this challenge with a focus on reasoning with KGs extended with Description Logics (DL) ontologies. In principle, one could make use of existing DL reasoners to solve these reasoning tasks. However, DL reasoners---which are designed to deal with complex terminological axioms---do not scale well in the presence of large amounts of assertional information. In contrast, existing rule engines such as VLog or RDFOx can efficiently reason with data-intensive knowledge bases. To take advantage of these powerful implementations, we propose several data-independent mappings from DL TBoxes into rule sets that preserve the outcomes of conjunctive query (CQ) answering. Our experiments indicate that reasoning with rule engines over the resulting CQ-preserving rewritings can be significantly more efficient than using state-of-the-art DL reasoners over the original DL ontologies.

    [1] This quote is taken from the description of a recent Dagstuhl seminar on Knowledge Graphs: New Directions for Knowledge Representation on the Semantic Web

    Related Publications

    In this talk, I discuss results presented in our KR publication The Combined Approach to Query Answering in Horn-ALCHOIQ.


    I gave this talk on the 13th of December, 2018 at the DIG seminar.
  • Forschungsgruppe:Research Group: Wissensbasierte SystemeKnowledge-Based Systems
  author = {David Carral},
  title  = {Reasoning with Description Logics Ontologies and Knowledge Graphs},
  year   = {2018},
  month  = {December}